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Cybelle Fox

Associate Professor of Sociology, University of California, Berkeley
Chapter Member: Bay Area SSN, California SSN

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About Cybelle

Fox studies race, immigration, and the American welfare state. Over the past two decades there have been heated debates about the effect of immigration on the American safety net. Fox places these debates in historical context. Her work examines immigrants’ access to social welfare assistance in the Progressive Era and the New Deal, as well as the effect of immigration on social welfare spending.

In the News

Cybelle Fox's research on rampage school shootings discussed by Debra Viadero, "Lessons Sifted from Tragedy at Columbine," Education Week, April 7, 2009.


"Unauthorized Welfare: The Origins of Immigrant Status Restrictions in American Social Policy" Journal of American History 102, no. 4 (2016): 1051-1074.
"White by Law, Not in Practice: Explaining the Gulf in Citizenship Acquisition between Mexican and European Immigrants, 1930" (with Irene Bloemraad). Social Forces (2015).
Examines naturalization trends for Asian, European, and Mexican immigrants between 1790 and 1952. Explores beyond analyses focused on formal law or individual-level determinants to underscore the importance of region and non-white social status in influencing naturalization.
"Defining America’s Racial Boundaries: Blacks, Mexicans, and European Immigrants, 1890-1945" (with Thomas Guglielmo). American Journal of Sociology 118, no. 2 (September 2012): 327-379.
Compares the strength of racial boundaries surrounding blacks, Mexicans, and Southern and Eastern European immigrants in the Progressive and New Deal eras.
Three Worlds of Relief: Race, Immigration, and the American Welfare State from the Progressive Era to the New Deal (Princeton University Press, 2012).
Investigates how blacks, Mexicans, and European immigrants were incorporated into the early American welfare state.
"Three Worlds of Relief: Race, Immigration, and Public and Private Social Welfare Spending in American Cities, 1929" American Journal of Sociology 116, no. 2 (September 2010): 453-502.
Examines how race and immigration influenced local welfare spending on the eve of the Great Depression.
"The Changing Color of Welfare? How Whites’ Attitudes Toward Latinos Influence Support for Welfare" American Journal of Sociology 110, no. 3 (November 2004): 580-625.
Shows how white Americans’ stereotypes of Latinos influence their support for welfare