Mary Angelica Painter

PhD Candidate in Political Science, University of Missouri-St. Louis
Chapter Fellow, Confluence SSN
Chapter Member: Confluence SSN
Areas of Expertise:
  • Immigration
  • Foreign Policy & Security

Connect with Mary

About Mary

Painter’s research is primarily centered around international topics, including international organizations, international law, migration and refugees, and international relations. During her graduate studies, Painter has attended school abroad and worked with a refugee rights network holding consultations and building law databases. At home, she conducted research on migration in Saint Louis and spoke with community groups. More recently, Painter shifted focus to urban policy improvements through comparing policy and policy process of cities outside the United States. Most of her focus has been on public works, especially mobility and public transportation.


"Importance of Public Transportation in Megacities: Dhaka and Climate Change" International Studies Association Midwest Conference (2017).

A deficit of sustainable options for transit and growing demand for urban life, construct vulnerability for Dhaka in two ways: (1) those in poverty remain in poverty for generations without access to basic needs, and (2) as persons using transportation increases, so do pollutants – changing environments in least developed urban areas

"Megacity Solutions: The Role of Mass Transit in Mitigating Pollution Emissions" Midwest Political Science Association Conference (2017).

Hypothesizes that more mass-transit access will decrease the number of pollutants a city produces from transportation. I find that more access to public transportation is a better indicator of no change in pollution emissions, rather than any change.

"Luxury Consumption and Development: The Case of Beer Consumption and Gender Equality" Great Plains Political Science Association Conference (2016).

Demand for luxury items seems to come from the rise in purchasing power of the average citizen on a global scale due to a number of developmental factors, especially for women. Results in this analysis show increases in beer consumption alongside an increase in gender equality in 2011. For 2014, the opposite occurs. I conclude the reasoning for the dramatic change is due either to growing health concerns or demand to purchase locally.