Jecker works in the areas of bioethics, ethics, justice, health policy, decisions to withhold and withdraw medical treatment, population aging, and philosophy.
Documents overtreatment of patients and argues that it raises ethical concerns for doctors, patients, and families. Proposes that physicians should not offer or continue futile medical interventions, defined as interventions that do not offer a significant benefit to patients.
Proposes that justice demands more than fairly allocating scarce health care resources. It also requires looking upstream and asking how disease and suffering came about, and applying justice standards to the social determinants of health.
Considers the ethical basis for efforts to rescue individuals in dire medical straits and shows how the so-called “rule of rescue” leads to bad outcomes for patients and distorts justice in the allocation of scarce health care resources.
Calls attention to the fact that age-based rationing of health care (or other services) leads to inequality between the sexes, which cannot be justified even when it benefits society at large by enabling investments in other health care priorities. Documents the fact that older women represent a disadvantaged and vulnerable group, which makes age-based rationing difficult to justify even if society’s obligation to protect the vulnerable is considered minimal.
Challenges the standard model for thinking about justice between old and young age groups appealing to a disability rights perspective.
Introduces and defends a definition of quantitative and qualitative medical futility and argues that physicians should not offer or continue with futile medical interventions and should instead focus on providing comfort and palliative care to patients.