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Tony Silva

PhD Candidate in Sociology, University of Oregon
Chapter Member: Oregon SSN
Areas of Expertise:

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About Tony

Silva's research focuses on gender, sexuality, rural sociology, qualitative and quantitative methods, and race/ethnicity. His research examines how individuals negotiate and understand social categories that— while often perceived as natural— are actually affected by social context. Specifically, Silva examines gender and sexual identities, including their intersections with race, place, class, and age, and investigate diversity within them. As a mixed-methods researcher, he conducts research using interviews and secondary data analysis of nationally representative surveys.

In the News

Tony Silva quoted by Ritch Savin-Williams, "Dude-Sex, Bud-Sex, Mostly Straight Sex" Psychology Today, November 26, 2017.
Tony Silva's research on rural men engaging in "bud-sex" discussed by Danielle DeCourcey, "Straight Rural Men Are Having 'Bud-Sex' with Each Other," Attn:, December 22, 2016.
Tony Silva quoted by Eulimar Núñez and Sofía Ruiz de Velasco, "Hombres que tienen sexo con otros hombres y se consideran heterosexuales: la polémica del EEUU blanco rural" Univision Noticias, December 21, 2016.
Tony Silva's research on rural, straight-identified men who have sex with men discussed by Jesse Singal, "The Phenomenon of 'Bud Sex' between Straight Rural Men," The Cut, December 18, 2016.


"Bud-Sex, Dude-Sex, and Heteroflexible Men: The Relationship between Straight Identification and Social Attitudes in a Nationally Representative Sample of Men with Same-Sex Attractions or Sexual Practices" (with Rachel Bridges Whaley). Sociological Perspectives 61, no. 3 (2018): 426-443.

Examines the relationship between straight identification and nonsexual social factors among men who are attracted to men and/or have had two or more male sexual partners using the 2011-2013 National Survey of Family Growth (NSFG), a nationally representative sample of Americans aged 15 to 44. Weighted logistic regression indicates that conservative attitudes about child rearing and gays/lesbians are associated with increased likelihood of straight identification, suggesting that for men with same-sex sexuality, attitudes about sexuality and child rearing may affect the meaning-making processes that influence heterosexual identification.

"Bud-Sex: Constructing Normative Masculinity among Rural Straight Men That Have Sex with Men" Gender & Society 31, no. 1 (2017): 51-73.

Draws on semi-structured interviews with 19 white, rural, straight-identified men who have sex with men to understand how they perceive their gender and sexuality. 

"A Quantitative Test of Critical Heterosexuality Theory: Predicting Straight Identification in a Nationally Representative Sample" Sexuality Research and Social Policy (2017): 1-14.

Finds that political conservatism and religiosity are predictors of straight identification and changing to a straight sexual identity, even after controlling for attractions and sexual practices. Suggests that non-sexual social factors, such as religiosity and conservative political attitudes— themselves shaped by patterned social forces— are keys to heterosexual identification and heterosexual identity change.