Scott-Clayton teaches courses on labor economics and causal inference. In addition to her position at Teachers College, Columbia University, she is also a Faculty Research Fellow of the National Bureau of Economic Research, and a Senior Research Associate at the Community College Research Center (CCRC). Her primary research interests are labor economics and higher education policy, with recent work focusing on financial aid simplification, state merit-based aid programs, student employment, and remedial testing and course-taking. Her research has received national media coverage and has contributed to policy discussions at both the state and federal level, and in November 2013 she testified before the U.S. Senate on the need for financial aid simplification. Scott-Clayton holds a BA from Wellesley College and a PhD in Public Policy from Harvard University.