Kristen Hopewell

Senior Lecturer of International Political Economy, Department of Politics and International Relations, University of Edinburgh
Areas of Expertise:
  • Foreign Policy & Security

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About Kristen

Hopewell’s expertise lies in the areas of international political economy, globalization, trade, and development. Her research analyses the rise of new powers – such as China, India and Brazil – in the global economy and its governance. She is currently working on a project examining the impact of contemporary power shifts on the World Trade Organization (WTO). She also studies contestation over international economic policymaking and the efforts of non-state actors – ranging from business lobbies to social movements and activists – to shape global economic governance.

In the News

Kristen Hopewell's research on Brexit's impact on countries discussed by Emily Dixon, "The Developing Countries with the Most to Fear from Brexit," CNN, February 4, 2019.
Kristen Hopewell's research on China's economic development discussed by Anand Naidoo, "Should the US Worry About Made in China 2025?," China Global Television Network, July 13, 2018.
Kristen Hopewell's research on trade relationships discussed by Kerry Lorimer, "Brexit Could Sink Scottish Fish Industry," Public Finance, June 6, 2018.
Kristen Hopewell's research on trade relationships discussed by Jennifer McKiernan, "Peterhead Fish Processing Could Be Relocated to Poland After Brexit, Expert Warns," Aberdeen Journals Limited, June 6, 2018.
"Why the U.S. Needs the ExIm Bank," Kristen Hopewell, Foreign Affairs, August 30, 2017.
"Hyped WTO Trade Deal Masks Larger Failure," Kristen Hopewell, Governance Across Borders Blog, January 7, 2014.
"Commentary on the Selection of Roberto Azevêdo as Director General of the WTO," Kristen Hopewell, Inter-American Dialogue’s Latin America Advisor, May 19, 2013.


"When Market Fundamentalism and Industrial Policy Collide: the Tea Party and the US Export–Import Bank" Review of International Political Economy 24, no. 4 (2017): 569-598.

Shows that the disruption of export credit is undermining the competitiveness of key U.S. industrial sectors and encouraging the movement of advanced, high-value-added manufacturing overseas.

"The Transformation of State-Business Relations in an Emerging Economy: The Case of Brazilian Agribusiness" Critical Perspectives on International Business 10, no. 4 (2014): 291-309.
Shows how state-business relations in Brazil have been transformed in the contemporary era of globalization: the emergence of a highly-competitive export-oriented agribusiness sector in Brazil has prompted the expansion and internationalization of domestic capital, leading to the emergence of an independent, private sector lobby with considerable influence on the Brazilian state.
"Different Paths to Power: The Rise of Brazil, India and China at the WTO" Review of International Political Economy (2014).
Shows that while China’s rise has been more closely tied to its growing economic might, the rise of Brazil and India has been driven primarily by their mobilization and leadership of developing country coalitions, which enabled them to exercise influence above their economic weight. Consequently, Brazil and India have assumed a more aggressive and activist position in WTO negotiations than China and played a greater role in shaping the agenda of the Doha Round.
"New Protagonists in Global Economic Governance: Brazilian Agribusiness at the WTO" New Political Economy 18, no. 4 (2013): 602-623.
Charts the impact of Brazil’s export-oriented agribusiness sector on its position in WTO negotiations and dispute settlement. Demonstrates that business actors from the Global South are becoming significant new protagonists in global economic governance.
"The Technocratization of Protest: Transnational Advocacy Organizations and the WTO" in Engaging Social Justice: Critical Studies of 21st Century Social Transformation, edited by David Fastenfest (Brill, 2009), 161-180.
Analyses the shift of transnational advocacy organizations towards more technocratic and expertise-based forms of advocacy directed at the WTO.