Howard's areas of expertise include the criminalization of pregnancy and the regulation of abortion in the United States. Her book, The Pregnancy Police: Conceiving Crime, Arresting Personhood, is forthcoming with the University of California Press.
Examines the surveillance, regulation, and control of people with the capacity for pregnancy. Argues that pregnant people as a class face discrimination in law, policy, and practice— what Howard calls pregnancy exceptionalism. Shows how healthcare providers have become part of the apparatus of criminalizing pregnancy.
Explores Michelle Obama's anti-obesity campaign as a sexual deracialization strategy.
Evaluates state-mandated informed consent materials using the legal standard of true and non-misleading.
Provides a broad overview of gender as it relates to crime, including criminal justice institutions, the law, victimization, perpetration, and employment in criminal justice systems.
Examines the criminal prosecution of pregnant women for crimes against the fetuses they gestate, and asks how much the law truly matters.
Examines similarities between the criminal prosecution of pregnant women for using methamphetamine and the early eugenics movement in the United States.