Austin’s research interests include globalization and development, global health, the environment, and quantitative and qualitative research methods. Austin also does fieldwork in Bududa, Uganda related to malaria, HIV, and community health.
Compares the cross-national determinants of the level of female HIV prevalence to the determinants of the percentage of HIV cases among women. Suggests that analyzing the distribution of HIV cases by gender is a more appropriate way to measure gender disparities in the HIV pandemic.
Considers the influence of both legal economic status and social dimensions of women’s status on malaria rates. Argues that women’s legal economic status has an indirect relationship on malaria rates by enhancing women’s social standing and strengthening general health provisions. Suggests that addressing issues of gender inequality in poor nations is central to tackling this persistent pandemic.
Demonstrates that economic dependency and environmental decline lead to increased urban slum populations in less developed nations, and that nations with larger urban slum populations have higher rates of TB and malaria.
Argues that ecological losses reduce women’s longevity via increased HIV rates, hunger, and diminished health resources. Points to the importance of ecological conditions and the efficacy of incorporating ecofeminist frameworks to explain global health and gender inequalities.