May's research interests center on clinical infectious disease epidemiology and management, with a particular focus on the application of rapid molecular diagnostic assays, behavioral economics and clinical guidelines to improve antibiotic stewardship in the ED.
May has served as an investigator on multiple federally-funded and industry-funded trials evaluating antimicrobial stewardship strategies in the ED. She has published over 60 peer-reviewed articles in her field. She has also served on numerous committees and task forces focused on antibiotic stewardship and emergency preparedness for the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention and professional organizations including the Infectious Diseases Society of America and the Society for Healthcare Epidemiology of America.
Evaluates antibacterial drug shortages over a ten year period in the United States. Finds that there were a large number of shortages from 2001 to 2013, with a dramatic rise in shortages since 2007.
Explores clinical decision-making for antibiotic use by emergency medicine providers using quantitative and qualitative methods.