Bellemare is an economist whose research focuses on international development, agriculture, and food policy. This is relevant to public policy in the United States because international development is often subordinate to foreign policy – when it is not a tool of foreign policy – and it is directly related to U.S. policy because farm bills are usually omnibus bills encompassing agricultural protection, trade policy, food aid, and nutrition programs. Bellemare has served as a consultant for the Political Instability Task Force and the World Bank. He has also presented his research on food prices to the Committee on Assessing the Impacts of Climate Change on Social and Political Stresses of the National Research Council. Before going to graduate school, he spent two summers working for a Cabinet minister in Ottawa, and he interned at the International Fund for Agricultural Development, a specialized agency of the United Nations in Rome.