Bailey’s research focuses on issues in labor economics, demography, and health in the United States, within the long-run perspective of economic history. Her expertise is in gender and demographic issues and policies and programs begun in the United States in the 1960s.
Reevaluates the short and long-term effects of U.S. family planning programs on U.S. fertility rates. Finds that the introduction of family planning is associated with significant and persistent reductions in fertility driven both by falling completed childbearing and childbearing delay. Implies that federally-funded family planning reduced childbearing among poor women by 21 to 29 percent.