Paul Frymer

Professor of Politics, Princeton University
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About Paul

Frymer's research focuses on American politics, and particularly issues related to inequality, such as labor and employment, race, and voter representation. Frymer's overarching themes in writings include structural and historical racism, regulatory responses to inequality, political representation through parties and groups, and the historical development of U.S. institutions and inequalities.


Building an American Empire: The Era of Territorial and Political Expansion (Princeton University Press, 2017).

Examines the development of the U.S. nation state, focusing on the 18th and 19th century territorial conquests of Native American and Mexican lands, and the use of federal policies such as land policy via the Homestead Act and other notable pieces of legislation to access and secure this new territory. Studies the efforts of the U.S. government to promote Black Colonization in the first half of the 19th century.

Uneasy Alliances: Race and Party Competition in America (Princeton University Press, 2010).

Focuses on how well political parties represent minority group interests over time.

"Labor Unions and White Racial Politics" (with Jacob M. Grumbach). American Journal of Political Science 65, no. 1 (2021): 225-240.

Elaborates on Labor Unions and White Racial Politics. Uses panel data from the 2010s to argue that labor union membership increases racial toleration and support for civil rights causes among white workers.

Black and Blue: African Americans, the Labor Movement, and the Decline of the Democratic Party (Princeton University Press, 2017).

Discusses African Americans, the Labor Movement, and the Decline of the Democratic Party. Focuses on the civil rights efforts to racially integrate the labor movement in the 20th century, with a focus on the development of national civil rights and labor policy and the role of U.S. courts and lawyers.