Dhingra's research focuses on educational inequality, in particular the pursuit of after-school academics by young children and the increasing privatization of education. This includes the growth of after-school learning centers and academic competitions (e.g. spelling bees). Particular attention is on so-called "tiger parents" by Asian Americans, whites, and other minorities. Other research is on entrepreneurship, in particular the growth of the motel industry. Themes include neoliberalism, immigration, cultural sociology, and mobility.