Ray Block

Ray Block

Brown-McCourtney Career Development Professor in the McCourtney Institute and Associate Professor of Political Science and African American Studies, Pennsylvania State University-Main Campus

Connect with Ray

About Ray

Block did his undergraduate training at Howard, received his Ph.D. from Ohio State, and specializes in the areas of racial, ethnic, and gender group politics, voting behavior, and public opinion. Overarching themes in Block's writings include group differences in civic involvement, the formation and mutability of social identity, campaigns and elections, and other topics. Block has published dozens of book chapters, manuscripts, and peer-reviewed journal articles and is co-author of Losing Power: Americans and Racial Polarization in Tennessee Politics, a forthcoming book in the University of Georgia Press. Block serves as co-chair of the public opinion and political participation section of the National Conference of Black Political Scientists, as an analyst for both the African American Research Collaborative and Latino Decisions, and as a faculty coach for the National Center for Faculty Development & Diversity.

In the News

Opinion: "The Proposed Legislative Redistricting Map Complies With the Voting Rights Act," Ray Block, Patriot News, February 23, 2022.
Opinion: "Black People Are in No Rush to Re-Open Economy Despite Financial Hits," Ray Block (with Brooke Abrams), June 11, 2020.
Opinion: "93 Percent of Confederate Monuments are Still Standing. Here’s Why," Ray Block (with Kathleen Tipler, Tyler Camarillo, Tyler Johnson, Andrea Benjamin, Jared Clemons, Chryl Laird, and Julian Wamble), The Washington Post, December 16, 2019.


"2020 COVID-19 POLL OF AFRICAN AMERICAN VOTERS" (with Jonathan E. Collins, Sam Fulwood, Jennifer A. Jones, Henry Fernandez, Tracey Meares, Tatishe M. Nteta, Marcella Nunez-Smith, Christopher Sebastian Parker, and Crystal Thomas). African American Research Collaborative: Understanding and Communicating Black Political Action (2020).
"Losing Power: African Americans and Racial Polarization in Tennessee Politics" (with Sekou M. Franklin) (University of Georgia Press, January 2020).

Analyzes the recent and rapid change in the Volunteer State from Democratic control of state politics to Republican control and the consequences of that shift for African American politicians and citizens. Examines the polarization in values, preferences, and voting behaviors between blacks and whites, contending that this racial divide is both one of the causes and one of the consequences of black Tennesseans' recent loss of political power.

"Fired Up, Ready to Go: The Impact of Age, Campaign Enthusiasm, and Civic Duty on African American Voting" (with Jonathan Collins). Political Behavior 42 (2020): 107-142.

Explores the conditional relationship between two of the strongest and most reliable measures of turnout, interest in politics and civic duty, on the voting patterns of African Americans. Discovers that campaign enthusiasm and civic duty have differential effects on voting—effects that change over time and from one generation of African Americans to the next.

"Role-Model-In-Chief: Understanding a Michelle Obama Effect" (with Christina S. Haynes). Politics & Gender 15, no. 3 (September 2019): 365-402.

Extends the “Barack Obama effect” literature to Michelle Obama--particularly, the idea that her political prominence can influence how voters perceive Black women in America. Finds that Michelle Obama’s status as a role model not only transmits the effect of her media prominence to voters’ racial attitudes, but also that the strength of role model status as a "mediating variable" differs according to race (and, to a lesser degree, gender).

"The Fragility of Racial Transcendence: An Analysis of Oprah Winfrey’s Endorsement of the Barack Obama 2008 Presidential Campaign" (with Harwood K. McClerking and Chryl N. Laird). American Politics Research 47, no. 2 (January 2019): 304-328.

Examines the degree to which Oprah’s perceived ability to “transcend race” changed markedly after she endorsed the then-Illinois-Senator Barack Obama. Discovers that the magnitude of Oprah Winfrey’s favorability and her “endorsement effect” varies by race and gender.

"Imagining a Better World: Rap Music Skepticism and the Civic Activism of Young African Americans" (with Lakeyta M. Bonnette-Bailey and Harwood K. McClerking). DuBois Review 15 (Fall 2018): 353-385.

Explores the relationship between Black youths’ ability to critique the negative messages in rap music and the degree to which these African Americans are politically active. Discovers that heavy consumers of the music (i.e., the "rap connoisseurs") are best able to translate their critiques into political activism, which suggest that "rap wokeness" can be a political mobilizer.