Dromi’s research focuses on the origins of humanitarian policies and human rights activism. His work highlights how cultural perceptions and religious traditions shape policies on poverty, development, human rights, and international relations. His first book, Above the Fray: The Red Cross and the Making of the Humanitarian NGO Sector (Univ. of Chicago Press), traces how humanitarian relief NGOs became a common outlet for relief work and how they gained extraordinary prominence in international affairs. In additional work, Dromi has looked at how religion, culture, and politics intersect in the Middle East, in particular in Israel, Palestine, and Turkey.
Claims that environmental activists often harbor ideas about nature protection that are drawn from national culture. Analyzes opposing groups in Israel — ideological settlers and green activists — and shows that despite harboring different ideas on environmental activism, both interlink their ideas on nature protection and their sense of commitment to their country, and both draw on national discourses in order to promote environmentalism.
Focuses on founding political elites, which are groups that found new political systems and dominate them for extended periods in new democracies. Claims that these groups face difficulties conceding democratic electoral defeat, and develop long-lasting perceptions of having been unfairly removed from power. Shows that both the Israeli Labor Party and the Turkish Republican People's Party experienced similar trajectories as founding political elites, and that both are limited in their public maneuvers by persisting resentment toward much of the voting public.
Shows that advertising professionals also tie job satisfaction to their beliefs about the positive effects of their work on society. Claims that employees need to perceive themselves as moral individuals, and experience frustration when they believe their industry is stigmatized.
Shows that the values humanitarian nongovernmental organizations (NGOs) use to justify their policies, such as impartiality and neutrality, originate from a mid-nineteenth-century Protestant movement. Focuses on the International Committee of the Red Cross (ICRC), a leader in the humanitarian relief sector. Claims that current ideas governing humanitarian interventions rely on culturally-specific beliefs that have predominated over the past 150 years.
Focuses on the role national belief systems and patriotic sentiments have had for the worldwide adoption of humanitarian policies and organizations. Analyzes the late-nineteenth-century development of national Red Cross societies. Claims that the spread of the Red Cross movement and the ratification of the Geneva Convention in different countries was facilitated by their resonance with local beliefs about national responsibility.