Fazal focuses on sovereignty, international law, and armed conflict. Fazal’s current research analyzes the effect of improvements in medical care in conflict zones on the long-term costs of war.
In the News
Argues that military medicine is a crucial component of military effectiveness. Draws on an original dataset of all interstate wars since 1900 as well as a within-case analysis of the introduction of two medical innovations in WWII to demonstrate this relationship. Finds consistently, that investments in military medicine can significantly improve military effectiveness.
Argues that dramatic improvements in US military medicine, alongside the expansion (especially since WWII) of the veterans' benefits system have increased the long tail of the costs of war in ways that have gone unappreciated.
Explains how Russia's invasion of Ukraine represents a significant violation of the norm against interstate territorial conquest, and what the consequences of those violations could be on the global stage if the norm is not preserved. Establishes further down the road, if the norm against territorial conquest ends up as another casualty of this war, states would be wise to carefully tend to their borders.