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Tiffany Green

Assistant Professor of Population Health Sciences and Obstetrics and Gynecology, University of Wisconsin-Madison

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About Tiffany

Green's research focuses on the individual-, family-, and environmental determinants of maternal and child health disparities, with a focus on racial/ethnic minorities and immigrant populations. Her most recent work focuses on racial/ethnic and nativity disparities in weight outcomes among childbearing women, as well as understanding how discrimination influences obesity-related outcomes among immigrants.

In the News

"The Problem With Implicit Bias Training It’s Well Motivated, but There’s Little Evidence That It Leads to Meaningful Changes in Behavior," Tiffany Green (with Nao Hagiwara), Behavior and Society Opinion, Scientific American, August 28, 2020.

Publications

"Black and Immigrant: Exploring the Effects of Ethnicity and Foreign-Born Status on Infant Health" in Migration Policy Institute.

Compares prenatal behaviors and birth outcomes of Black immigrant mothers to those of other immigrant and U.S.-born mothers, using federal vital statistics. Finds that Black immigrant mothers are less likely to give birth to preterm or low-birth-weight infants than U.S.-born Black women, yet are more likely to experience these adverse birth outcomes than other groups of immigrant and U.S.-born women.

"From the West Indies to Africa: A Universal Generational Decline in Health among Blacks in the United States" (with Tod G. Hamilton). Social Science Research 73 (2018): 163-174.

Uses data from the 1996-2014 waves of the March Current Population Survey to investigate generational differences in self-rated health among blacks with West Indian, Haitian, Latin American, and African ancestry.

"Changes in Public Prenatal Care Coverage Options for Noncitizens since Welfare Reform: Wide State Variation Remains" (with Stephanie Hochhalter, Krystyna Dereszowska, and Lindsay Sabik). Medical Care Research and Review 73, no. 5 (2015): 624-639.

Documents state-level trends in prenatal Medicaid and state-funded coverage options for low-income noncitizens just prior to and since welfare reform. Helps to understand the potential effects of the Affordable Care Act and Medicaid expansion on health care utilization and birth outcomes among pregnant noncitizens.

"Disparities in Self-Reported Prenatal Counseling: Does Immigrant Status Matter?" (with Mandar V. Bodas, Heather A. Jones, Saba W. Masho, and Nao Hagiwara). Journal of Community Health 43, no. 5 (2018): 864-867.

Investigates the roles of immigrant status, English proficiency, and race/ethnicity on the receipt of self-reported prenatal counseling using nationally representative data from the Early Childhood Longitudinal Study-Birth Cohort.

"Health Assimilation among Hispanic Immigrants in the United States: The Impact of Ignoring Arrival-Cohort Effects" (with Tod G. Hamilton and Tia Palermo). Journal of Health and Social Behavior 56, no. 4 (2015): 460-477.

Uses data from the 1996-2014 waves of the March Current Population Survey. Shows that the health (i.e. self-rated health) of Hispanic immigrants varies by both arrival cohort and U.S. tenure for immigrants hailing from most of the primary sending countries/regions of Hispanic immigrants. Demonstrates that omitting arrival-cohort measures from health assimilation models may result in overestimates of the degree of downward health assimilation experienced by Hispanic immigrants. 

"Unpacking Racial/Ethnic Disparities in Prenatal Care Use: The Role of Individual-, Household-, and Area-Level Characteristics" Journal of Women's Health 27, no. 9 (2018).

Aims to quantify the contributions of individual-, household, and area-level factors to racial/ethnic disparities in prenatal care use among NH white, NH black, and Hispanic mothers. Provides helpful insights for clinicians and policymakers interested in addressing the mechanisms underlying racial/ethnic differences in access to care among pregnant women.