Alexander's research focuses on the role gender equality plays in democracies’ achievements in various aspects of quality of government. In particular, she evaluates global variation in historical patterns of gender equality, such as early household formation patterns to establish whether countries' achievements in quality of government today can be rooted in these early patterns of equality; whether the political empowerment of women improves quality of government and through which mechanisms the influence operates; and the variation in democracies’ efforts to develop institutions, rights and policies that empower gender diversity. Alexander also studies sources of women's political empowerment and how this empowerment affects political representation, social values, and democratization across the globe.
Interrogates women's political empowerment', considering its definition, measurement, and application.
Analyzes the changes to gender equality in the wake of the 2011 Egyptian Revolution, this manuscript evaluates whether civil conflict creates new openings for women's empowerment.
Presents evidence for a rising emancipatory spirit, across generations and around the world, in a life domain in which religion hitherto blocked emancipatory gains: sexual freedoms.
Conceptualizes women's political empowerment and discusses the strategies and challenges for global measurement.