Miller's research focuses on the influence of institutions on individual behavior. Particular topics Miller has published on include redistricting in the United States, the effects of state-level reforms designed to make it easier to vote, and the ability of compulsory voting rules to improve representation of citizen's preferences and increase participation in elections. He was a Fulbright Scholar to Finland in 2016.
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Examines the role of public input into the redistricting process in the western United States. Finds the public is able to provide meaningful guidance to the redistricting authorities, but that comments related to small units of geography are more likely to be accepted.
Compares redistricting authorities in the western United States. Finds that commissions are able to deliver timely maps that also modestly increase competition in House elections.
Reports the results of a direct mail mobilization experiment in the Chicago mayoral election. Finds that the voter guide increased turnout among 18-30 year olds, but only in more affluent areas of the city.
Uses survey data and voter registration files to measure the voting behavior of Blacks in the Obama elections. Finds that they are more likely to vote, but also substantially more likely to vote prior to Election Day.
Assesses the ability of convenience voting reforms to increase turnout among Americans with disabilities. Finds that mail ballots are one possible reform that can narrow the gap in turnout for voters with disabilities.