Sadhwani's research focuses on voting behavior, elections, public opinion, public policy, and interest groups, with an emphasis on the representation of racial, ethnic and immigrant communities. Sadhwani's writings include Asian and Latino voting behavior and electoral institutions. Sadhwani serves on the 2020 Citizens Redistricting Commission for the State of California.
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Examines the vote choice of Latino voters under the constraint of California's top two primary. Finds a strong level of support for Latino Republican candidates suggesting that a candidate's ethnicity may inform voters' strategic decision making in co-partisan elections.
Analyzes Asian American voter turnout in the presence of a co-ethnic candidate. I find variations in voting behavior by national origin.
Argues that electoral innovations in California such as the switch to a Top Two Primary, term limits and a citizens redistricting commission, combined with demographic change led to increases in Asian American and Latino representation in the state legislature and U.S. Congress.