Franceschet’s research focuses on women and politics, gender quotas in comparative perspective, and gender and public policy.
Shows how the concept of symbolic representation sheds light on the representative dimensions of cabinets, arguing that leaders follow informal rules about which groups, including women, must be included in cabinets.
Traces women's political activism in Chile - from the early twentieth century struggles for suffrage to current efforts to expand and deepen the practice of democracy.
Refines current theories to suit Latin America’s contemporary institutional and socio-economic realities. Identifies the features of the region that shape public policy, including informal norms and practices, social inequality, and weak institutions.
Examines the impact of gender quotas across descriptive, substantive and symbolic dimensions of representation. Uses case studies from twelve countries to build broad theories about gender quotas and women's representation.