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Youngmin Yi

Assistant Professor, University of Massachusetts Amherst
Chapter Member: Boston SSN

About Youngmin

Yi studies social institutions and policies that shape inequality in the United States. She is currently working on projects in three areas: (1) race, family, and institutions of social control, (2) sociospatial dimensions of inequality, and (3) inequality in and as consequence of the criminal legal system. Yi previously worked as a policy researcher examining gender, race, and class inequality in economic security and labor market experiences in the U.S., with a focus on the experiences of women of color and women working in low-wage occupations.
 

Contributions

Publications

"State-Level Variation in the Cumulative Prevalence of Child Welfare System Contact, 2015–2019" (with Youngmin Yi, Frank Edwards, Hedwig Lee, Christopher Wildeman, and Natalia Emanuel). Children and Youth Services Review 147 (2023).

Provides new estimates of spatial and racial/ethnic variation in children’s lifetime risks of child welfare system involvement, as well as relative risks of these events. Discusses In the U.S., state-level investigation risks ranged from 14% to 63%, confirmed maltreatment risks from 3% to 27%, foster care placement risks from 2% to 18%, and risks of parental rights termination from 0% to 8%, with great racial/ethnic variation in all of these.

"Racial Inequality in the Prevalence, Degree, Extension, and Permeation of Incarceration in Family Life" Demography 60, no. 1 (2023): 15–40.

Shows that Black adults in the United States are more likely to have experienced family incarceration, to have had more family members incarcerated, and to have had family members from more generations ever incarcerated.

"Paternal Jail Incarceration and Birth Outcomes: Evidence from New York City, 2010–2016 Youngmin Yi, Joseph Kennedy, Cynthia Chazotte, Mary Huynh, Yang Jiang & Christ" (with Christopher Wildeman, Joseph Kennedy, Cynthia Chazotte, Mary Huynh, and Yang Jiang). Maternal and Child Health Journal 25 (2021): 1221–1241 .

Examines population-level associations between paternal jail incarceration during pregnancy and infant birth outcomes in New York City. Mentions after accounting for parental sociodemographic characteristics, maternal health behaviors, and maternal health care access, paternal incarceration during pregnancy remains associated with late preterm birth, low birthweight, small size for gestational age, and NICU admission.

"Leaving Home, Entering Institutions: Implications for Home-Leaving in the Transition to Adulthood" Journal of Marriage and Family 82, no. 3 (2019): 981-996.

Examines the importance of considering institutional transitions (e.g., military, higher education, incarceration) in analysis of home-leaving in the transition to adulthood. Shows that young adults leave parental homes earlier and that there is more racial/ethnic variation in where they go than is suggested by traditional descriptors of home-leaving and home-leaving destinations.

"Leaving the Nest: Incorporating Temporary Departures into Estimates of First Home-Leaving in the Transition to Adulthood" Population Association of America (2016).

Argues that conventional omission of residential transitions to non-family/household social institutions (i.e. college/university dormitories, military barracks, and incarceration facilities) in estimates of departures from the parental home, results in the masking of important racial and ethnic differences in home-leaving trajectories and exposure to impactful social contexts in the transition to adulthood. 

"Occupational Segregation" (with Kim Weeden). Blackwell Encyclopedia of Sociology (forthcoming).

Provides an overview of the sociological literature on occupational segregation as well as updated measures of occupational segregation with respect to gender, race, and ethnicity in the United States.

"Paternal Incarceration and Family Functioning: Variation across Federal, State, and Local Facilities" (with Christopher Wildeman and Kristin Turney). ANNALS of the American Academy of Political and Social Science 665, no. 1 (2016): 80-97.

Uses never-before-available data from the Fragile Families and Child Wellbeing Study to examine potential differences in the impact of fathers’ incarceration on family functioning across facility types. Finds that paternal incarceration is associated with higher odds of mother-father separation as well as of mother’s re-partnering, but does not find evidence of substantial differences in the intensity of this association across local jails, state prisons, and federal prisons.

"Accelerating Change for Women Faculty of Color in STEM: Policy, Action, and Collaboration" (with Cynthia Hess and Barbara Gault). Institute for Women’s Policy Research (2013).

Summarizes perspectives of 50 experts in higher education and education policy, including professors, academic administrators, representatives of government, professional societies, corporate sector, and policy organizations, on barriers for women faculty of color’s advancement in STEM fields, key programmatic and policy shifts that would promote their success, as well as strategies for implementing promising changes and taking them to scale. 

"The Status of Women and Girls in Colorado" (with Cynthia Hess, Ariane Hegewisch, Claudia Williams, and Justine Augeri). Institute for Women’s Policy Research (2013).

Reports on several domains of women and girls’ current status, progress, and change in the state of Colorado over 20 years (1990-2010), including employment and earnings, educational attainment, economic security and poverty, health and wellbeing, and political participation and representation, with particular attention to variation across regions of Colorado, across subpopulations, and compared to the United States as a whole.