Budhwani conducts studies to address the causes and consequences of health disparities among stigmatized populations that experience adverse health outcomes in resource-constrained settings. Budhwani's research is informed by sociological constructs, guided by human rights frameworks, and adopts a multidimensional view of how to address public health and clinical care inequities. Budhwani's areas of scientific interest include Dissemination and Implementation Science; mixed methods research, adolescent health; HIV prevention; mental wealth, and women's reproductive health.
In the News
Discusses how The World Health Organization recommends disclosing HIV-status between 6 and 12 years; American Academy of Pediatrics recommends that children are informed at “school age.” Mentions how neither suggests an optimal age when children should learn of their status to improve viral load suppression.
Evaluates effects of the Healthy Choices intervention on HIV-related stigma among YLWH. Analyzes data from the Adolescent Medicine Trials Network protocol 129, multi-site randomized controlled trial applying latent growth curve modeling with two linear slopes estimating changes in Berger's Stigma Scale pre-intervention, 16, 28, and 52 weeks post-intervention, as well as the trajectory of stigma scores over the follow-up period (N = 183).
Assesses the feasibility of the ethyl glucuronide biomarker (EtG) through nail sampling to measure alcohol use among youth living with HIV in the United States. Evaluates concordance between this EtG biomarker and self-reported measures of alcohol use.
Assesses if there was an increase in the prevalence and frequency of the phrases “Chinese virus” and “China virus” on Twitter after the March 16, 2020, US presidential reference of this
Discusses abortion related stigmas and the psychological harms it creates. Elaborates on stereotypes.
Examines American Muslim women's contraception utilization patterns. Suggests that American Muslim women's contraception utilization patterns share certain similarities with both American women in general and disadvantaged racial and ethnic minority groups in the United States, implying that factors that influence American Muslim women's use of contraceptives are possibly countervailing and likely multifaceted.
Examines associations between stigma, trauma, and drug use in a national sample of transgender women from the Dominican Republic.
Explores associations between internalized stigma, exposure to physical abuse, experiences with sexual abuse, and depression in Muslim women residing in the United States.
Assesses associations between their HIV knowledge, experienced stigma, and condom use across three partner types.
Examines the relationships between stigma, trauma, and suicide attempts in a national sample of transgender women from the Dominican Republic.