Lambert

Susan J. Lambert

Professor, Crown Family School of Social Work, Policy, and Practice, University of Chicago
Areas of Expertise:

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About Susan

Lambert’s research focuses on how employer practices shape the quality of jobs, the lives of low-paid workers, and inequality in society. Overarching themes in Lambert’s research include the widespread prevalence of precarious scheduling practices in the US labor market and their negative ramifications for workers, families, and employers. Lambert regularly advises government, labor, and business on strategies to improve jobs in ways that balance the needs of employers for labor flexibility with the needs of workers for stable and predictable hours and earnings.

Contributions

The Realities of Unpredictable Work Schedules for America's Hourly Employees

  • Peter J. Fugiel
  • Julia R. Henly

No Jargon Podcast

In the News

Susan J. Lambert quoted by Joan C. Williams, Saravanan Kesavan, and Lisa McCorkell, "Research: When Retail Workers Have Stable Schedules, Sales and Productivity Go Up" Harvard Business Review, March 29, 2018.
Susan J. Lambert's research on Nina Golgowski, "Steady Hours Boost Retail Worker Productivity and Sales, Study Finds," HuffPost, March 28, 2018.
Susan J. Lambert quoted by Alieza Durana, "More Families Feel Insecure. That's Because they Are" Slate, March 21, 2018.
Susan J. Lambert quoted by Emily Sullivan, "When A Full-Time Job isn't Enough To Make It" National Public Radio, February 2, 2018.
Susan J. Lambert quoted on the effect of working multiple jobs by Emily Sullivan, "When a Full-Time Job isn't Enough To Make It" National Public Radio, February 2, 2018.
Susan J. Lambert quoted on scheduling practices by Peter Szekely, "Not So Fast: U.S. Restaurant Workers Seek Ban on Surprise Scheduling" Reuters, July 17, 2017.
Susan J. Lambert quoted on the value of full-time employees by Rachel Feintzeig, "Full-Time Hires Buck the Trend at Fast-Food, Retail Chains" Wall Street Journal, April 26, 2016.
Susan J. Lambert quoted on full-time versus part-time workers by Esther Kaplan, "The Spy Who Fired Me" Harper’s, March 2015.
Susan J. Lambert quoted on part-time employee work schedules by Nathan Schneider, "Have We Seen the End of the 8-Hour Day" The Nation, March 12, 2015.
Susan J. Lambert quoted on part-time employee work schedules by Hiroko Tabuchi, "Next Goal for Walmart Workers: More Hours" New York Times, February 25, 2015.
Susan J. Lambert quoted on the harmful effects of part-time employee schedules by Steven Greenhouse, "In Service Sector, No Rest for the Working" New York Times, February 21, 2015.
Susan J. Lambert quoted on companies over hiring and being understaffed by Alain Sherter, "For Some Starbucks Workers, Job Leaves Bitter Taste" CBS Money Watch, November 26, 2014.
Susan J. Lambert quoted on full-time versus part-time workers by Alana Semuels, "When Raising the Minimum Wage Isn't Enough" The Atlantic, November 25, 2014.
Guest to discuss the effects of unpredictable work schedules on NPR: All Things Considered, Susan J. Lambert, November 23, 2014.
Susan J. Lambert's research on part-time employee scheduling discussed by Frawn Johnson, "How Airbnb and Uber are Changing the Nature of Work," National Journal, November 13, 2014.
Guest to discuss the effects of part-time job employment and the economy on NPR: All Things Considered, Susan J. Lambert, August 24, 2014.
Guest to discuss the displacement of professionals after the recession on NPR: Diane Rehm Show, Susan J. Lambert, August 7, 2014.
Susan J. Lambert quoted on workforce optimization technology by Allison Linn, "A Grim Long-Term Outlook for Retail…Workers" CNBC, July 30, 2014.
Susan J. Lambert quoted on parenting and fluctuating schedules of part-time employment by Katherine Peralta, "Democrats’ Bill Aims to Regulate Workplace Scheduling" US News, July 29, 2014.
"Stability is Good for Employees and Bosses," Susan J. Lambert, New York Times, July 16, 2014.
Susan J. Lambert quoted on fixing labor standards via scheduling by Steven Greenhouse, "A Push to Give Steadier Shifts to Part-Timers" New York Times, July 16, 2014.
Susan J. Lambert quoted on manager accountability for labor and sales by Seth Freed Wessler, "Shift Change: ‘Just-in-Time’ Scheduling Creates Chaos for Workers" NBC News, May 10, 2014.
Guest to discuss the effects of unpredictable work schedules on NPR: Marketplace, Susan J. Lambert, January 26, 2014.

Publications

"Precarious Work Schedules among Early-Career Employees in the U.S.: A National Snapshot," (with Peter J. Fugiel and Julia R. Henly), EINet, August 2014.

Describes the distribution of three dimensions of work schedules - advance schedule notice, fluctuating work hours, and schedule control - across early-career workers in hourly and non-hourly jobs, overall and separated by gender, regular work hours (full-time/part-time), race, and occupation. Suggests some implications of these descriptive findings for public policy and future research.

"Unpredictable Work Timing in Retail Jobs: Implications for Employee Work-Life Outcomes" (with Julia R. Henly). Industrial and Labor Relations Review 67, no. 3 (2014): 986-1016.

Presents findings from a study of female hourly retail workers indicating that schedule unpredictability fuels stress and work-to-family conflict regardless of how much input workers have into the timing of their work hours. 

"Passing the Buck: Labor Flexibility Practices That Transfer Risk onto Hourly Workers" Human Relations 61, no. 9 (2008): 1203-1227.

Provides insight into the daily accountability requirements that press front-line managers to make quick adjustments to work schedules and offers examples of the problematic scheduling practices that result. Uses data from a comparative study of 88 non-production jobs in 22 work sites in four industries (hospitality, retail, transportation, and financial services).

"The Limits of Voluntary Employer Action for Improving Low-Level Jobs" in Working and Living in the Shadow of Economic Fragility, edited by Marion Crain and Michael Sherraden (Oxford University Press, 2014), 120-129.

Explains how and why some employers design jobs in ways that render low-level workers irrelevant to the bottom-line, in turn making the “business case” for improving low-level jobs a hard sell. 

"Added Benefits: The Link between Work-Life Benefits and Organizational Citizenship Behavior" Academy of Management Journal 43, no. 5 (2000): 801-815.

Employs a rigorous, longitudinal design to look at how a company’s family-responsive benefits sparked good employee performance, performance that went beyond completing basic job tasks well to include participation in total quality initiatives.

"Schedule Flexibility in Hourly Jobs: Unanticipated Consequences and Promising Directions" (with Julia R. Henly and Haley Lock ). Community, Work & Family 15, no. 3 (2012): 293-315.

Draws on a set of studies to show how conventional flexibility options do not always map well onto hourly jobs, and in certain instances, may disadvantage workers by undermining their ability to earn an adequate living. Offers alternative approaches to implementing flexibility in hourly jobs when hours are scarce and fluctuating rather than long and rigid. 

"Workplace Policies as Social Policy" Social Service Review 67, no. 2 (1993): 237-260.

Explains why understanding employer policy and practice is essential to formulating effective social policy in the U.S.